…”Drug Policy and Use within the Wehrmacht:
Drug use in the German military during World War II was actively encouraged and widespread, especially during the war’s later stages as the Wehrmacht became depleted and increasingly dependent on youth as opposed to experience.
In an effort to make its front-line soldiers and fighter pilots fight longer, harder, and with less concern for individual safety, the German army ordered them to take military-issue pills made from methamphetamine and a primarily cocaine-based stimulant. After Pervitin, a methamphetamine drug newly developed by the Berlin-based Temmler pharmaceutical company, first entered the civilian market in 1938, it quickly became a top seller among the German population. The drug was brought to the attention of Otto Friedrich Ranke, a military doctor and director of the Institute for General and Defense Physiology at Berlin’s Academy of Military Medicine. The effects of amphetamines are similar to those of the adrenaline produced by the body, triggering a heightened state of alertness. In most people, the substance increases self-confidence, concentration, and willingness to take risks while at the same time reducing sensitivity to pain, hunger, and the need for sleep. In September 1939, Ranke tested the drug on 90 university students and concluded that Pervitin could help the Wehrmacht win the war.
Amphetamine use is believed to have played a role in the speed of Germany’s initial blitzkrieg.
Cocaine, whose effects substantially overlap with those of amphetamine but feature greater euphoria, was later added to the formulation to increase its potency through the multiplicative effects of drug interaction and to reinforce its use by individuals.
Drug Use Inside the Nazi Party:
Adolf Hitler, the Third Reich’s head of state and government until his suicide shortly before the war’s end, is believed to have been addicted to drugs that were initially prescribed to treat his chronic medical conditions. After Doctor Theodor Morell prescribed cultures of live bacteria, Hitler’s digestive ailments eased, and Hitler made him his primary physician. Dr Morell’s popularity[clarification needed] skyrocketed, and he was sarcastically dubbed by Göring “The Reichsmaster of the Injections.” Dr. Morell went on to prescribe powder cocaine to soothe Hitler’s throat and clear his sinuses.
According to Norman Ohler in his 2016 book Blitzed: Drugs in Nazi Germany, when Hitler’s drug supplies ran out by the end of the war, he suffered severe withdrawal from serotonin and dopamine, paranoia, psychosis, rotting teeth, extreme shaking, kidney failure and delusion.
Hermann Göring, Hitler’s closest aide, had served in the Luftstreitkräfte during World War I and suffered a severe hip injury during combat. He became seriously addicted to the morphine that was prescribed to him in order to relieve the pain which resulted from this injury and the gunshot wound, variously described as a thigh or groin injury, that he sustained while taking part in the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch in Munich. In 1925, after consulting his wife, he entered a Swedish mental hospital for detoxification and treatment. When Göring was captured near the end of the war, he was found to be addicted to dihydrocodeine and was subsequently weaned off it.”-https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_policy_of_Nazi_Germany